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Trachyspermum Ammi, Ajwain or Bishop’s weed is herb used in ayurvedic medicines for its carminative properties. It is an annual herbaceous plant bearing the grayish-brown fruits (seeds) which constitute the spice. Ajwain has an erect and striate stem involving glabrous or minutely pubescent properties which may grow up to 90 cm tall. The seeds are more known as adjuncts used in small quantities for flavouring numerous foods, as anti-oxidants, as preservatives, or in medicine or for the manufacture of essential oils for ultimate use in perfumery, essences and medicine, etc.
The seeds contain 6-O-β-glucopyranosyloxythymol, a glucoside. Other chemicals reported is 69% carvacrol in T. ammi, and a yield of 25% oleoresin containing 12% volatile oil (thymol, γ-terpinene, para-cymene, and α- and β-pinene). The principal oil constituents of T. ammi are carvone (46%), limonene (38%), and dillapiole (9%).
For educational purposes only. This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.