A large deciduous buttressed tree, 20-30 m in height with thick brownish grey back having shallow longitudinal fissures; leaves simple, alternate, long-petioled, crowded about the extremities of the branches, broady elliptic, margins entire, main nerves 6-8 pairs, midrib prominent on both surfaces; flowers pale greenish yellow with an offensive odour, in axillary spikes, longer than the petioles but shorter than the leaves; fruits ovoid grey drupes, obscurely 5 angled, narrowed into a very short stalk.
Fruits contain about 17% tannin and β-sitosterol, gallic acid, ellagic acid, ethyl galate, galloyl glucose and chebulagic acid. Heartwood and bark contain ellagic acid and the seed-coat of the fruit contains gallic acid.
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