COMMON NAME: Indian olibanum tree
OTHER NAME: Salai, Shallaki, Sallaki, Kundur
BOTANICAL NAME: Boswellia serrata Roxb. Ex Colebr
PLANT FAMILY: Burseraceae
SYNONYMS: Boswellia glabra Roxb.
OVERVIEW: The whole tree abounds in the fragrant gum-resin, which exudes as a milky juice from the leaves and flowers as well as the stem when wounded. The main quantity is, however, found in the cortical layers of the stem. The resin is used for incense.
INTRODUCTION: A medium to large sized, deciduous tree, upto 18 m in height. Leaves imparipinnate, leaflets ovate or ovate-lanceolate, variable. Flowers small, white, in axillary racemes or panicles. Drupes 12 mm long, trigonous, splitting along 3 valves, scarlet red when young, turns white at maturity.
PHYTOCONSTITUENTS: Serratol, 8 tetracyclic triterpene acids, halocellulose, lignin, β-sitosterol and tannin from bark; pentosans, mucilage and proteins from seeds and essential oil from leaves; Oleo-gum-resin contains resins (65%), volatile oil (6%), water soluble gum (20%), bassorin (6-8%), and plant residue (2-4%). The resins contain boswellic acid and alibanoresin.
PARTS USED: Resin used.
PRECAUTIONS: None known.
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This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.