Indigo Leaves

COMMON NAME: Indigo


OTHER NAME: Nili, Indian Indigo.


BOTANICAL NAME: Indigofera tinctoria Linn.


PLANT FAMILY: Fabaceae


OVERVIEW: People have used indigo alone or in combination with henna to dye their hair black since thousands of years.



INTRODUCTION: Indigofera tinctoria bears the common name True indigo. The plant was one of the original sources of indigo dye. Indigofera is a shrub up to 1 meter high. It has light green pinnate leaves and sheaf of pink or violet flowers.


PHYTOCONSTITUENTS: Indigotin. Indigofera tinctoria plants contain the glucosides indicant. After soaking the plants in water, enzymic hydrolysis transforms indicant into indoxyl and glucose. Indigotin (often also called indigo or indigo-blue) formation results from the grouping of two molecules of indoxyl in the presence of oxygen.


PARTS USED: Dried Leaf .


PRODUCT CERTIFICATION:

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PRECAUTIONS: None known.


For educational purposes only. This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.