Milk Thistle Seeds
COMMON NAME: Milk Thistle
OTHER NAME: Marian thistle, St. Mary’s thistle.
BOTANICAL NAME: Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.
PLANT FAMILY: Asteraceae
SYNONYMS: Carduus marianus L.
OVERVIEW: Milk thistle is a flowering herb native to the Mediterranean region. It has been used for thousands of years as a remedy for a variety of ailments, and historically was thought to have protective effects on the liver and improve its function. Its primary active ingredient is silymarin, which is a potent antioxidant composed of several flavonoid compounds.
INTRODUCTION: An annual or biennial herb, stem 20-150 cm high, green, glabrous or slightly arachnoid-pubescent. Leaves alternate, large, glossy, white-veined or variegated, glabrous with strongly spiny margins. Fruits 6-7 mm long, composed of 6-8 hard-skinned achenes with a white, silky pappus at apex.
PHYTOCONSTITUENTS: The dried seeds contain 1-4% silymarin flavonoids. (silibinin, silydianin, and silychristin), vitamin E (tocopherols), and about 90% fatty acids. It also contains fatty acids, silbonol and apigenin, as well as quercetin, taxifolin and biogenic amines.
PARTS USED: Seeds.
PRECAUTIONS: None known.
For educational purposes only. This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.