COMMON NAME: Neem
OTHER NAME: Nimba, Margosa tree.
BOTANICAL NAME: Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
PLANT FAMILY: Meliaceae
SYNONYMS: Melia azadirachta Linn.
OVERVIEW: Neem, a fascinating tree, is one of the most promising of all plants and may eventually benefit every person in the planet.
INTRODUCTION: Neem is a fast-growing tree that reaches a height of 15-20m. The branches are wide and spreading. Leaves opposite, pinnate with 20 to 31 medium to dark green leaflets; flowers white and fragrant, arranged in more-or-less drooping axillary panicles. The fruit is a smooth (glabrous) olive-like drupe which varies in shape from elongate oval to nearly roundish. The fruit skin (exocarp) is thin and the bitter-sweet pulp(mesocarp) is yellowish-white and very fibrous.
PHYTOCONSTITUENTS: Neem leaves mainly yield quercetin (flavonoid) and nimbosterol (β- sitosterol) as well as number of liminoids (nimbin and its derivatives). Quercetin (a polyphenolic flavonoid), Limonoids like nimocinolide and isonimocinolide are also present. The principal constituents of neem leaves include protein (7.1%), carbohydrates (22.9%), minerals, calcium, phosphorus, vitamin C, carotene etc. But they also contain glutamic acid, tyrosine, aspartic acid, alanine, praline, glutamine and cystine like amino acids, and several fatty acids (dodecanoic, tetradecanoic, elcosanic, etc.).
PARTS USED: Dried Leaf.
PRECAUTIONS: None known.
For educational purposes only. This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.